Alternative Medicine Sudbury - The blood glucose level refers to the amount of glucose or sugar existing within the blood. The standard range the body maintains a blood glucose reference range between roughly 3.6 - 5.8 mM and also represented as mmol/L which translates to millimoles/liter. The range can even be measured as 64.8-104.4 mg/dL. As part of the metabolic homeostasis, the human body strongly regulates blood glucose levels.
Glucose is the body's main energy source for its cells. What's more, blood lipids in the forms of fats and oils are mostly a compact energy store. The bloodstream transports glucose from the intestines or liver to body cells. The hormone insulin makes the glucose accessible for cell absorption. Insulin is primarily produced in the body by the pancreas.
For humans, the average normal blood glucose level is practically 4mM or 4mmol/L or 72 mg/dL, that is in milligrams/decilitre. During the day it is common for the levels of blood glucose to fluctuate. Usually, glucose levels are lowest in the morning before eating breakfast. The reading is referred to normally as "the fasting level." Levels usually increase following meals for an hour or two. When levels of blood sugar fall outside of the regular range, this can be an indicator of a medical situation. If the level is persistently high, it is known as hyperglycemia and conversely, low levels are considered to be hypoglycaemia.
The main hallmark of Diabetes mellitus is persistent hyperglycemia. This illness is the most common of all illnesses associated to the failure to regulate blood sugar. Severe stress, trauma, myocardial infarction, illness, surgery or stroke may also result in temporarily elevated levels of blood sugar. An initial surge in blood sugar can also take place due to alcohol intake, although later it tends to cause levels to decline.
When blood sugar levels decline very low, hypoglycaemia develops. This is a potentially fatal condition. Symptoms of hypoglycaemia include impaired mental functioning, lethargy, twitching, irritability, shaking, and loss of consciousness, sweating, aggressive or paranoid mentality, and weakness in leg and arm muscles, pale complexion and perhaps even brain damage. Appetite is suppressed over the short term if levels remain very high. Many of the long-term health conditions associated with diabetes can happen as a result of long-term hyperglycemia. Health issues may comprise nerve damage, heart disease, and kidney and eye damage.
Low Blood Sugar
The mechanisms that help to restore adequate levels of glucose post hypoglycaemia need to be effective and quick so as to avoid really serious consequences of inadequate glucose. If not treated, hypoglycaemia may lead to unsteadiness, confusion and in the extreme, coma. It is a lot more dangerous to have very little amounts of glucose within the blood than too much, at least on a temporary basis.
The blood glucose-regulating mechanisms within healthy individuals are often quite effectual. Symptomatic hypoglycaemia is normally present just in those diabetics that utilize insulin or pharmacological treatment. The severity and swiftness of hypoglycaemic episodes can vary significantly between individuals. In severe instances, prompt medical assistance is required right away due to the fact that brain damage and damage to tissues and probably even death could be caused by blood-glucose levels that are too low.
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