Liver Specialist Sudbury - The liver is a very important organ which carries our various functions in the body including: detoxification, protein synthesis, and the production of biochemicals which are essential for digestion. For the survival of the body, the liver is needed. Liver dialysis may be used for short term but there is no way to function for long term without a liver.
The liver plays a major role in plasma protein synthesis, glycogen storage, the decomposition of red blood cells, hormone production and detoxification. It is found in the abdominal-pelvic area of the tummy, below the diaphragm. The liver is responsible for producing bile. This is an alkaline compound which emulsifies lipids to help in digestion. The tissues that make the liver are highly specialized. They regulate a large amount of high volume biochemical reactions, including the breakdown and synthesis of small and complex molecules.
The liver is somewhat unique in that it is capable of generating naturally. With as little as 25%, the liver can make a full regeneration into a whole liver. This is considered to be compensatory growth rather than true regeneration. Therefore, the liver's lobes that are taken out do not grow again, and the liver growth is a restoration of function and not original form. In true regeneration, both the original form and function are restored.
Diseases of the Liver
Since the liver supports practically every organ within the body and is vital to its survival, the liver is prone to various sicknesses, specially due to its strategic location and multidimensional functions. Some of the most common liver sicknesses include: alcohol damage, cirrhosis, fatty liver, hepatitis, A, B, C and E, tumours and cancer and damage as a result of heavy drug use, especially cancer drugs and acetaminophen, likewise referred to as paracetamol.
A lot of illnesses of the liver are accompanied by jaundice as the increased bilirubin levels within the body would usually result from the breaking up of the haemoglobin of dead red blood cells. Normally, the liver removes bilirubin from the blood and excretes it through bile. Illnesses which affect liver function would result in derangement of these processes. Fortunately, the liver has a huge capacity to regenerate and likewise has a large reserve capacity. Usually, the liver just exhibits symptoms after extensive damage has taken place.
The classic signs of liver damage consists of: dark urine when bilirubin mixes together with the urine, and pale stool when there is an absence of brown pigment stercobilin. The pigment likewise comes from bilirubin metabolites which are processes in the liver. Jaundice is the yellow tinge on the whites of the eyes or the skin which occurs where bilirubin deposits on the skin. This causes an intense itching sensation which is the most common complaint by those suffering liver failure.
Excessive fatigue happens as a result of a generalized loss of nutrients, vitamins and minerals. Swelling in the abdomen, ankles and feet occurs because the liver fails to make albumin. Easy bruising and bleeding are other signs. Substances that help to prevent bleeding are produced in the liver, thus, when liver damage is present, severe bleeding can result since these substances are not available anymore.
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